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    Chapter 31: Uniform Trust Code

      Section: 3B:31-3: Definitions.

          3B:31-3. Definitions.

As used in this act:

"Action," with respect to an act of a trustee, includes a failure to act.

"Beneficiary," as it relates to trust beneficiaries, includes a person:

(1) who has any present or future interest, vested or contingent;

(2) who, in a capacity other than that of trustee, holds a power of appointment over trust property;

(3) who is the owner of an interest by assignment or other transfer; and

(4) as it relates to a charitable trust, any person who is entitled to enforce the trust.

"Charitable trust" means a trust, or portion of a trust, created for a charitable purpose described in subsection a. of N.J.S.3B:31-22.

"Environmental law" means a federal, State, or local law, rule, regulation, or ordinance relating to protection of the environment.

"Interests of the beneficiaries" means the beneficial interests provided in the terms of the trust.

"Jurisdiction," with respect to a geographic area, includes a state or country.

"Power of withdrawal" means a presently exercisable general power of appointment other than a power exercisable only upon consent of the trustee or a person holding an adverse interest.

"Property" means anything that may be the subject of ownership, whether real or personal, legal or equitable, or any interest therein.

"Qualified beneficiary" means a beneficiary who, on the date the beneficiary's qualification is determined:

(1) is a distributee or permissible distributee of trust income or principal;

(2) would be a distributee or permissible distributee of trust income or principal if the interests of the distributees described in paragraph (1) terminated on that date; or

(3) would be a distributee or permissible distributee of trust income or principal if the trust terminated on that date.

"Revocable," as applied to a trust, means revocable by the settlor without the consent of the trustee or a person holding an adverse interest.

"Settlor" means a person, including a testator, who creates, or contributes property to, a trust. If more than one person creates or contributes property to a trust, each person is a settlor of the portion of the trust property attributable to that person's contribution except to the extent another person has the power to revoke or withdraw that portion.

"Spendthrift provision" means a term of a trust which restrains both voluntary and involuntary transfer of a beneficiary's interest.

"State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes an Indian tribe or band recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.

"Terms of a trust" means the manifestation of the settlor's intent regarding a trust's provisions as expressed in the trust instrument or as may be established by other evidence that would be admissible in a judicial proceeding.

"Trust instrument" means an instrument executed by the settlor that contains terms of the trust, including any amendments thereto.

"Trustee," in addition to the definition contained in N.J.S.3B:1-2, includes a corporate entity in its capacity as trustee and a co-trustee where two or more are appointed.

L.2015, c.276, s.1.

This section added to the Rutgers Database: 2016-02-15 11:37:42.

Older versions of 3b:31-3 (if available):

Court decisions that cite this statute: CLICK HERE.