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    Chapter 10:

      Section: 39:10-2: Definitions

           39:10-2. As used in this chapter unless other meaning is clearly apparent from the language or context, or unless inconsistent with the manifest intention of the Legislature:

"New motor vehicle" means only a newly manufactured motor vehicle, except a nonconventional type motor vehicle, and includes all such vehicles propelled otherwise than by muscular power, and motorcycles, motorized bicycles, trailers and tractors, and manufactured homes not subject to real property taxation pursuant to P.L.1983, c.400 (C.54:4-1.2 et seq.), excepting such vehicles as run only upon rails or tracks and manufactured homes subject to real property taxation.

"Used motor vehicle" means every motor vehicle and motorized bicycle, except a nonconventional type motor vehicle, title to, or possession of, which has been transferred from the person who first acquired it from the manufacturer or dealer, and so used as to become what is commonly known as "secondhand" within the ordinary meaning thereof, and includes every motor vehicle and motorized bicycle other than a "new motor vehicle," a "nonconventional type motor vehicle" or a manufactured home subject to real property taxation.

"Any motor vehicle," "every motor vehicle," or similar term, means both new and used motor vehicles, except a "nonconventional type motor vehicle."

"Nonconventional type motor vehicle" means every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including, but not limited to, ditch-digging apparatus, well-boring apparatus, road and general purpose construction and maintenance machinery, asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth-moving carryalls, scrapers, power shovels, drag lines, self-propelled cranes, earth-moving equipment, trailers and semitrailers which weigh less than 2,500 pounds, except that no mobile or manufactured home or travel trailer shall be classified as a nonconventional type motor vehicle, motorized wheelchairs, motorized lawn mowers, bogies, farm equipment having a factory shipping weight of less than 1,500 pounds, whether or not motorized, including farm tractors within said weight limitation, industrial tractors, scooters, go-carts, gas buggies and golf carts. The Director of Motor Vehicles shall have power to make, amend and repeal regulations, not inconsistent with the provisions of this paragraph, prescribing what further vehicles or types of vehicles, not specified in this paragraph, shall be included in the category of nonconventional type motor vehicles.

"Motor vehicles which constitute inventory held for sale" means new motor vehicles and used motor vehicles held for the purpose of sale by dealers and used motor vehicles held for the purpose of sale by used motor vehicle dealers, and excludes motor vehicles held for the purpose of lease or rental by a person engaged in the motor vehicle leasing or rental business.

"Manufacturer's or importer's certificate of origin" means the original written instrument or document required to be executed and delivered by the manufacturer to his agent or a dealer, or a person purchasing direct from the manufacturer, certifying the origin of the vehicle.

"Certificate of ownership" means the document issued in conformance with this chapter, certifying ownership of a motor vehicle, other than manufacturer's or importer's certificate of origin.

"Assignment" means the execution of a prescribed form transferring ownership of a motor vehicle from the person named therein to the purchaser.

"Contract" means conditional sale agreement, bailment, lease, chattel mortgage, trust receipt or any other form of security or possession agreement executed prior to January 1, 1963, wherein and whereby possession of a motor vehicle is delivered to the buyer and title therein is to vest in the buyer at a subsequent time upon the payment of part or all of the price, or upon the performance of any other condition or happening of any contingency, or upon the payment of a sum substantially equivalent to the value of the motor vehicle, by which contract it is agreed that the buyer is bound to become, or has the option of becoming, the owner of the motor vehicle upon full compliance with the terms of the contract.

"Abstract" means the duplicate copy of the original certificate of ownership recording any encumbrance or upon which the existence of a security interest is noted.

"Title papers" means any instrument or document that is evidence of ownership of a vehicle.

"Director" means the Director of Motor Vehicles, his deputy or duly authorized agent.

"Manufacturer" means the person who originally manufactured the motor vehicle.

"Dealer" means the agent, distributor or authorized dealer of the manufacturer of the new motor vehicle, and who has an established place of business.

"Used motor vehicle dealer" means a person engaged in the business of selling, buying or dealing in used motor vehicles, and who has an established place of business.

"Person" includes natural persons, firms or copartnerships, corporations, associations, or other artificial bodies, receivers, trustees, common law or statutory assignees, executors, administrators, sheriffs, constables, marshals, or other persons in representative or official capacity, and members, officers, agents, employees, or other representatives of those hereinbefore enumerated.

"Buyer" includes purchaser, debtor, lessee, bailee, transferee, and any person buying, attempting to buy, or receiving a motor vehicle subject to a security interest, lease, bailment or transfer agreement, and their legal successors in interest.

"Seller" means manufacturer, dealer, lessor, bailor, transferor with or without a security interest, and any other person selling, attempting to sell, or delivering a motor vehicle, and their legal successors in interest.

The terms "sell" or "sale" or "purchase" and any form thereof include absolute or voluntary sales and purchases, agreements to sell and purchase, bailments, leases, security agreements whereby any motor vehicles are sold and purchased, or agreed to be sold and purchased, involuntary, statutory and judicial sales, inheritance, devise, or bequest, gift or any other form or manner of sale or agreement of sale thereof, or the giving or transferring possession of a motor vehicle to a person for a permanent use; continued possession for 60 days or more is to be construed as permanent use.

"Manufacturer's number" means the original manufacturer's vehicle identification number die stamped upon the body, or frame, or either or both of them, of a motor vehicle or the original manufacturer's number die stamped upon the engine or motor of a motor vehicle.

"Purchaser" means a person who takes possession of a motor vehicle by transfer of ownership, either for use or resale, except a dealer when he takes possession through a certificate of origin.

"Debtor" means the person who owes payment or other performance of the obligation secured by a security interest in a motor vehicle.

"Security interest" means an interest in a motor vehicle which secures payment or other performance of an obligation.

"Security agreement" means an agreement which creates or provides for a security interest in a motor vehicle.

"Secured party" means a lender, seller or other person in whose favor there is a security interest.

"Gross vehicle weight rating" means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of the single or combination vehicle and, if the manufacturer has not specified a value for a towed vehicle, means the value specified for the towing vehicle plus the loaded weight of the towed unit.

Amended 1946,c.136,s.2; 1949,c.235,s.1; 1961,c.122,s.1; 1964,c.238,s.1; 1965,c.10; 1983,c.105,s.4; 1983,c.387,s.1; 1990,c.115,s.4.

This section added to the Rutgers Database: 2012-09-26 13:37:51.

Older versions of 39:10-2 (if available):

Court decisions that cite this statute: CLICK HERE.